Cane Toads in Oz

Cane Toads!!

Just hearing those words creates fear and loathing in many Australians. These feral amphibians have become a major invasive threat to biodiversity in Australia (often called "Oz" by the people who live there) since their introduction in North Queensland. Reports that these poisonous amphibians have invaded through the Northern Territory and have reached Western Australia fuel this national sense of fear and loathing. Newspaper reports of cane toads being found right across the country, and breeding as far south as Sydney, create widespread alarm. Community groups have been mobilized in the attempt to quell this stampede.

CaneToadsInOz.Com invites you to the cane toad frontline to see firsthand the research being conducted on Bufo marinus (or, if you want to be technical, Rhinella marina). CaneToadsInOz.Com will take you behind the scenes with award-winning Australian scientist Professor Rick Shine and members of his research group from Macquarie University, TEAM BUFO, to see the work they are undertaking to better understand this animal and its impact. Their research is producing startling outcomes.

Cane toads are highly poisonous, and trying to eat one will be the last supper for predators like this King Brown Snake. Photo by Jonno Webb.


The main way that scientists (like us) communicate the results of our research is to publish scientific papers in journals. These are pretty drab and are mostly read only by professionals who conduct research in the field, and by up-and-coming research students. But if you really want the details, lots of those papers are available free through websites like "Google Scholar".

Rick's laboratory web site has lots of detailed information.

Although some scientific papers aren't too easy to read, they have the benefit of being reliable. Most public statements in the media just involve people offering their opinions about things, without having to produce any evidence. Scientific papers are very different because they are checked by anonymous expert reviewers before being accepted for publication. That's a really tough process - the top journals reject about 95% of all papers that are submitted to them! It means that to be published in a scientific journal, a paper has to provide reliable evidence to back up everything it says. But that makes  scientific papers more difficult to read. So, we decided to provide a user-friendly version, so that people without scientific training can understand more about cane toads, their effects on the native fauna, and what we can do to fight the invader. That’s what this website aims to do.

Photo by Lydia Fucsko 2021

For the full story about the cane toad invasion of Australia, and what we can do about it, read Rick’s book “Cane Toad Wars” (published by University of California Press, 2018).  The book is written for the general public, not for scientists, and is aimed at a wide audience.

In 2018, Rick's book was selected by "Forbes" magazine as one of the ten best environment books of the year; and a chapter was chosen for inclusion in the prestigious "Best Australasian Science Writing".

The book can be purchased through online bookstores like Amazon, or you can buy a copy through your local bookstore.